Dual Use Export Licensing Under the EAR

Dual Use Export Licensing Under the EAR   Under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), the Bureau of Industry and Security – of the US Department of Commerce – regulates the export of commercial items that have both commercial and military applications, or that otherwise have strategic value to the United States.  These items are commonly […]

Deemed Export Regulations: Introduction

Under both the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), the ability of persons or entities to release of controlled technology and technical data to foreign persons (including those physically located within the United States) is significantly limited without relevant licensing and/or authorization.   Importantly, these limitations apply to the […]

Deemed Export Regulations: Controlled Technology and Technical Data

Licensing or other authorization is not required in situations where the technology or technical data is controlled for export/release to foreign persons.  Technology or technical data that is not controlled is therefore exempt from EAR and ITAR licensing and authorization requirements.   It is worth noting that the EAR governs controlled technology, and ITAR governs […]

Deemed Export Regulations: Who Qualifies as a Foreign Person?

A foreign person is any: Person who is not a US Citizen, US permanent resident, legal refugee, or other similarly-authorized individual; Employees on H1B1, H1B, L1, and O1A visas are therefore considered foreign persons under EAR and ITAR. This can increase the administrative overhead quite substantially if you and your organization are unprepared. Entity that […]

Deemed Export Regulations: What Constitutes a Release?

Release need not be concerted, voluntary, or even intentional.  Conduct qualifying as a “release” under EAR and ITAR includes, but is not limited to: a) allowing a foreign person to visually inspect or otherwise view the technology or data; and b) oral discussions, whether over the phone, through a video-conferencing program, or in-person.   Under […]

Deemed Export Regulations: Licensing and Other Compliance

Though most technology and technical data is not controlled for export or release to foreign persons, entities, and governments, if the technology or technical is in fact controlled, then a license may be required.   To ensure that such technology/data can be released or exported to foreign persons, the petitioner must apply for a license […]

Deemed Export Regulations: Punishment

The EAR and ITAR subject violators to separate fines for violations, which – depending on criminal or civil liability – can run up to $1M or $250K per violation, respectively.  How does this work?   Suppose that (without a license) you accidentally send design documents for controlled technology to a foreign client.  It was a […]

Effects of the New DCS Rules

Effects of the New Rules   The BIS and State Department intend for these DCS revisions to have significant positive effects on exporters, and on export regulation generally.  Specifically, their hope is that the final rule revisions will help minimize the compliance burden for exporters, and the complexity of the export control process overall.  Recipient […]

Changes Made to Harmonize the DCS provisions

The final rules issued by the BIS and State Department – and effective as of November 2016 – alter the text of the existing EAR and ITAR regulations to better harmonize their separate DCS requirements.   Commercial invoice only. The new rules no longer require a DCS on several different export control documents.  Instead, under […]

How is the pre-existing DCS paradigm frustrating for exporters?

How is the pre-existing DCS paradigm frustrating for exporters?   The purpose of a DCS is to notify international parties as to the compliance of the exported defense article with applicable EAR and ITAR regulation, and to ensure that the relevant parties are further notified as to the illegality of diverting the exported article.   […]